Diversity &

Diversity is being invited to the party; inclusion is being asked to dance.

First things first...

What is Diversity & Inclusion

Diversity is described as “the full spectrum of human differences.” Dimensions of diversity might include visible traits like age, gender, disability and ethnic background or invisible traits like socio economic status, marital status and sexual orientation. (Source: European Commission)


Inclusion refers to a cultural and environmental feeling of belonging. It can be assessed as the extent to which young people are valued, respected, accepted and encouraged to fully participate in their social context. (Source: European Commission)

why it matters!

There is a social and business case for why diversity and inclusion is important.

Here are a few reasons that support

diversity and inclusion:

More Diverse Perspectives

Diversity and inclusion brings different perspectives in teams and organisations. It allows for different ideas to be expressed and shared

Greater innovation & creativity

Teams with people from different backgrounds, skills, experiences and knowledge bring fresh perspectives and drive innovation.

Better Financial Performance

Companies that have a higher level diversity represented in their workforce are more likely to experience higher financial returns (Mckinsey, 2020).

Improved reputation

Diversity and inclusion helps organisations to make their members and employees feel more welcomed and happy, and it helps society function more effectively and fairly.




We've done some
digging for you

We want to eliminate inefficiencies when attempts are made to solve social or environmental challenges. To achieve this, we are sharing useful knowledge and disseminating research findings that’s relevant for CYF 2022.

Below, you will discover research insights from the following sources:

World Bank - Social Sustainability and Inclusion

The core tenet of Social Sustainability and Inclusion’s work is to help people – regardless of their gender, race, religion, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation or disability – overcome obstacles that prevent them from fully participating in society, and supporting their efforts to shape their own future. It does so by working with governments, communities, civil society, the private sector and other stakeholders to create more inclusive societies, empower citizens, and foster more resilient and peaceful communities.

UNECE - Approaches to Measuring Social Exclusion

Social exclusion is measured and defined in a range of ways. While many countries measure some aspects of social exclusion, few surveys or statistical methods are specifically designed for this.


This publication presents approaches and practices in measuring social exclusion. It mainly targets national statistical authorities and provides useful information for policymakers, researchers and others interested in the measurement of poverty and social exclusion.

Key insights:

As the methodology changes based on the definition used, this makes it challenging to quantify the number of people who face social exclusion, or the degree to which people are at risk of social exclusion. While many countries measure different aspects of social exclusion, very few surveys or statistical methods are specifically designed for this.

These labels include social exclusion, social inclusion, social cohesion, multi-dimensional poverty, leaving no one behind, and various other indicators used by several countries.


The measurement of social exclusion complements poverty measurement and adds insights beyond what might be gained by looking at monetary poverty alone.

Similar to multidimensional poverty, a social exclusion focus can help to identify groups that are not in poverty but may be excluded in other ways, or who are experiencing multiple forms of exclusion.

This includes:

  • National aggregate estimates of poverty, social exclusion, material deprivation, inequalities or well-being for the purposes of national monitoring over time, international comparison or aggregation across larger areas or entities such as the European Union or OECD member states.
    Local area estimates for monitoring local policies
    Household estimates for shedding light on the extent to which households experience social exclusion, including
    which types of households are at greater risk of exclusion.
    Individual estimates for highlighting the personal characteristics and circumstances of those at greater or lesser risk of social exclusion affecting different areas of their lives.
    Population sub-group estimates for understanding how specific groups fare in relation to social inclusion or
    exclusion, well-being and equalities and how this varies in relation to personal characteristics or circumstances like
    sex, race or ethnicity, age, disability, migratory status and income.

OECD - Preparing Our Youth For an Inclusive and Sustainable World

Diversity and Inclusion Education for global competence can promote cultural awareness and respectful interactions in increasingly diverse societies.


The many episodes of indiscriminate violence in the name of a religious or ethnic affiliation challenge the belief that people with diverse cultures are able to live peacefully in close proximity, accept differences, find common solutions and resolve disagreements.


The global competence assessment in PISA can be used to measure global competence and should be implemented in schools to assess young people readiness for diversity and inclusion.


The PISA measures four dimensions which are 1. Capacity to examine issues of local, global and cultural significance 2. Capacity to understand different perspectives 3. Ability to develop positive interactions with different backgrounds and 4. Capacity to take constructive action towards fulfilling sustainable goals.